Start Submission Become a Reviewer

Reading: Changing patterns of thyroid cancer in Sri Lanka. Has the iodination programme helped?

Download

A- A+
Alt. Display

Papers

Changing patterns of thyroid cancer in Sri Lanka. Has the iodination programme helped?

Authors:

PCA Ratnatunga ,

Department of Surgery, University of Peradeniya, LK
X close

SC Amarasinghe,

Department of Surgery, University of Peradeniya, LK
X close

NVI Ratnatunga

Department of Pathology, University of Peradeniya, LK
X close

Abstract

Objectives To ascertain if there has been a change in the pattern of thyroid cancer in Sri Lanka. If so, whether there is a correlation to the implementation of the programme of iodination.

Design Retrospective (1974–1986) and prospective (1987–2001)

Setting Kandy Hospital (1974–1982), Peradeniya Hospital (1982–2001) and private hospitals in Kandy (1979–2001).

Method Three hundred consecutive patients with cancer of the thyroid seen over 28 years (1974–2001) period were reviewed for demography, histopathology and extent of spread at presentation. Seventy one patients of this group had a pre-existing goitre of greater than 10 years’ duration and were similarly reviewed.

Results A highly significant reduction of anaplastic thyroid cancer and a highly significant reduction in the extent of extra-thyroidal spread at presentation of differentiated thyroid cancer were observed after 1995. In malignancy supervening on pre-existing goitre, a significant reduction in anaplastic carcinoma and a highly significant increase in papillary carcinoma were noted in the post-1996 period. A significant reduction of extra-thyroidal spread was also observed.

Conclusion A trend towards more differentiated thyroid cancer with lesser degree of spread was observed in recent years. The iodination programme implemented in 1995 is likely to be responsible for this change.

(Index words: Histological types, pre-existing goitre, extent of spread)

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.4038/cmj.v48i4.3329

CMJ 2003; 48(4): 125-128

DOI: https://doi.org/10.4038/cmj.v48i4.3329
How to Cite: Ratnatunga, P., Amarasinghe, S. and Ratnatunga, N., 2011. Changing patterns of thyroid cancer in Sri Lanka. Has the iodination programme helped?. Ceylon Medical Journal, 48(4), pp.125–128. DOI: http://doi.org/10.4038/cmj.v48i4.3329
Published on 18 Aug 2011.
Peer Reviewed

Downloads

  • PDF (EN)

    comments powered by Disqus