Start Submission Become a Reviewer

Reading: Validation of the Sinhala version of the Montreal Cognitive Assessment in screening for deme...

Download

A- A+
Alt. Display

Papers

Validation of the Sinhala version of the Montreal Cognitive Assessment in screening for dementia

Authors:

S Karunaratne,

University Psychiatry Unit, National Hospital of Sri Lanka, Colombo, LK
X close

R Hanwella,

Department of Psychological Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Colombo, LK
X close

V de Silva

Department of Psychological Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Colombo, LK
X close

Abstract

Objectives To validate the Sinhala version of the Montreal Cognitive Assessment (MoCA) scale in screening for dementia.

Methods The MoCA translation and cultural adaptation was carried using a combined qualitative and quantitative approach. Sample size was calculated to detect a targeted sensitivity of 85% and a specificity of 85%. Sample consisted of 49 participants diagnosed with dementia of the Alzheimer’s type (AD) according to DSM-IV criteria and 49 normal controls (NC) aged ≥50 years. All subjects were administered the Mini Mental State Examination (MMSE) and MoCA Sinhala version (MoCA-S). Concurrent validity was assessed using Pearson correlation coefficients between the MoCA-S scores and MMSE scores. Criterion validity was assessed using receiver operating characteristic (ROC) analysis.

Results Mean MoCA scores between NC (26.71, SD 2.4) and AD group (16.78, SD 5.9) were significantly different (t=10.8, p<0.001). Cronbach’s alpha of 0.818 indicated good internal consistency. Attention (digit span, sustained attention, and the serial 7 calculation task) had the highest discriminant ability followed by visuospatial skills (trail making, cube drawing and clock drawing). Naming had poor discriminant ability. There was a high, positive correlation between MoCA-S total scores and MMSE total scores. (r=0.907, p<0.001). The area under the ROC curve was 0.975 (95%CI 0.94-1.0) for the MoCA and 0.928 (95% CI 0.87-0.98) for MMSE. A cut-off value of 24 provided the best balance between sensitivity (98.0 7%) and specificity (79.6 %).

Conclusion MoCA-S is a valid and reliable instrument which can be used as a brief screening instrument for dementia in Sri Lanka.

(Index words: Montreal Cognitive Assessment; dementia; validation; Sinhala; scales)

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.4038/cmj.v56i4.3892  

Ceylon Medical Journal 2011; 56: 147-153

DOI: https://doi.org/10.4038/cmj.v56i4.3892
How to Cite: Karunaratne, S., Hanwella, R. and de Silva, V., 2011. Validation of the Sinhala version of the Montreal Cognitive Assessment in screening for dementia. Ceylon Medical Journal, 56(4), pp.147–153. DOI: http://doi.org/10.4038/cmj.v56i4.3892
Published on 30 Dec 2011.
Peer Reviewed

Downloads

  • PDF (EN)

    comments powered by Disqus