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A qualitative study on patients’ perceptions of expectant management of first trimester incomplete miscarriage

Authors:

PS Wijesinghe ,

Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Faculty of Medicine, University of Kelaniya, LK
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RP Herath,

Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Faculty of Medicine, University of Kelaniya, LK
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IDHPK Abeysundara

Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Faculty of Medicine, University of Kelaniya, LK
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Abstract

Introduction Efficacy and safety of expectant management of first trimester miscarriage are well known, though the patients’ perceptions and attitudes are less clear. This study was designed to understand the women’s perception of symptoms, acceptability, fertility wishes and care received.

Methods A qualitative study among 25 women who were allocated to the expectant management arm of a randomised control trial, which compared expectant versus surgical management of incomplete miscarriage, was carried out. Interviews were recorded at the end of two weeks from the initial diagnosis based on five themes, which were transcribed and analysed.

Results Out of the 25 interviewed, two had to undergo surgical evacuation due to failed expectant management. Excessive bleeding was the main concern especially for employed women. Ideas and beliefs of family members influenced the women’s experience. Majority preferred expectant management in a possible future event. Many expected to conceive again but preferred to delay a pregnancy even in the absence of any contraindications. Inadequate knowledge of expectant management led to dissatisfaction regarding the care received.

Conclusions Better understanding on the natural course of events in spontaneous miscarriage will help not only the patient but also the relatives in accepting expectant management of first trimester miscarriage and influence their ideas, beliefs and feelings. Improved health education, counselling, and symptomatic relief are important aspects in improving the overall quality of care.

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.4038/cmj.v57i4.5078

Ceylon Medical Journal 2012; 57: 145-149

DOI: https://doi.org/10.4038/cmj.v57i4.5078
How to Cite: Wijesinghe, P., Herath, R. and Abeysundara, I., 2013. A qualitative study on patients’ perceptions of expectant management of first trimester incomplete miscarriage. Ceylon Medical Journal, 57(4), pp.145–149. DOI: http://doi.org/10.4038/cmj.v57i4.5078
Published on 03 Jan 2013.
Peer Reviewed

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