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Geographical distribution of chronic kidney disease of unknown origin in North Central Region of Sri Lanka

Authors:

JMKB Jayasekara,

Department of Pathology, Faculty of Medicine, University of Peradeniya, LK
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DM Dissanayake ,

Department of Pathology, Faculty of Medicine, University of Peradeniya, LK
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SB Adhikari,

GSP analyst, Mahaweli Development Authority, Kotmale, LK
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P Bandara

Regional Director’s Office, Anuradhapura, LK
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Abstract

Objectives In early nineties investigators noticed an alarmingly high incidence of an apparently new form of chronic kidney disease of unknown aetiology (CKD-U) in some parts of Sri Lanka. The aim of the study was to investigate the geographical distribution of CKD-U using GIS and GPS mapping.

Methods Community based information was collected from 11,630 patients for GIS mapping using ARC 9.2 software. Based on GIS mapping, two locations were selected for GPS mapping to locate the households of 863 CKD-U patients with reference to reservoirs, irrigation canals and the topography of the areas.

Results GIS mapping indicated five high prevalence areas of CKD-U. Communities who consumed water from natural springs showed a low prevalence of the disease. GPS mapping showed that most of the affected villages were located below the reservoirs and canals with stagnant irrigated water.

Conclusion Epidemiological data on geographical distribution infers that while older foci of CKD-U are persisting, there is an emergence of new foci with time. The location of the affected villages below the level of the reservoirs/canals may indicate the possibility of draining of irrigated water to the shallow wells of the households, which is the source of drinking water.

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.4038/cmj.v58i1.5356

Ceylon Medical Journal 2013; 58: 6-10

DOI: https://doi.org/10.4038/cmj.v58i1.5356
How to Cite: Jayasekara, J., Dissanayake, D., Adhikari, S. and Bandara, P., 2013. Geographical distribution of chronic kidney disease of unknown origin in North Central Region of Sri Lanka. Ceylon Medical Journal, 58(1), pp.6–10. DOI: http://doi.org/10.4038/cmj.v58i1.5356
Published on 01 Apr 2013.
Peer Reviewed

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