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Obstetric performance of women who have previously delivered a baby of low birthweight

Authors:

H Senanayake ,

Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Faculty of Medicine, University of Colombo, LK
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S Buyawansa,

Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Faculty of Medicine, University of Colombo, LK
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V Kariyawasam,

Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Faculty of Medicine, University of Colombo, LK
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H Ariyaratne

Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Faculty of Medicine, University of Colombo, LK
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Abstract

Objectives To investigate pregnancy outcomes in women who have previously given birth to a baby weighing less than 2500 grams in a population in which the low birthweight rate is high.

Methods We compared the obstetric performance of 100 women who had delivered a low birthweight baby (<2500g) at term in a previous pregnancy (cases) with those of 100 women who were matched for age, height, body mass index at booking, parity and medical disorders, who had previously delivered a baby above that threshold (controls).

Results We found the following significant differences between cases and controls (p<0.001 for all). Gestation at delivery (mean±SD = 38.0±1.9 vs. 39.1 ± 1.2 weeks); risk of delivery before completion of 37 weeks (19.0% vs. 3.0%); birthweight (mean±SD = 2.553 ± 0.444 vs. 3.015 ± 0.413 Kg); risk of delivery of a low birthweight (LBW) baby in the current pregnancy (27.0% vs. 4.0%). The stillbirth rate was also significantly higher among cases (4 vs. 0; p<0.05).

Conclusions Birth of a LBW baby points to adverse events in future pregnancies even where its prevalence is high. It is a useful criterion for assessment of risk in antenatal care and for directed interventions.

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.4038/cmj.v58i1.5358

Ceylon Medical Journal 2013; 58: 18-21

DOI: https://doi.org/10.4038/cmj.v58i1.5358
How to Cite: Senanayake, H., Buyawansa, S., Kariyawasam, V. and Ariyaratne, H., 2013. Obstetric performance of women who have previously delivered a baby of low birthweight. Ceylon Medical Journal, 58(1), pp.18–21. DOI: http://doi.org/10.4038/cmj.v58i1.5358
Published on 01 Apr 2013.
Peer Reviewed

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