Start Submission Become a Reviewer

Reading: Incidence and risk factors of falls among the elderly in the district of Colombo

Download

A- A+
Alt. Display

Papers

Incidence and risk factors of falls among the elderly in the district of Colombo

Authors:

AD Ranaweera ,

Postgraduate Institute of Medicine, Colombo, LK
X close

P Fonseka,

Department of Community Medicine, Faculty of Medical Sciences, University of Sri Jayawardanepura, LK
X close

A PattiyaArachchi,

National Hospital of Sri Lanka, LK
About A
X close

SH Siribaddana

Department of Medicine, Faculty of Medicine and Allied Sciences, University of Rajarata, LK
X close

Abstract

Objectives To assess the incidence and risk factors of falls among the elderly in the District of Colombo.

Methods Incidence of falls was assessed by a community based descriptive study with prospective follow up. Risk factors for falls were assessed by a nested case control study. Participants above 65 years residing in 40 Grama Niladhari Divisions in the Colombo district (n=1200) were assessed for falls and followed up for four months. Those who had falls were selected as cases (n=151), while two controls per case were selected from others.

Measurements Tests for gait problems, disability, cognitive impairment and vision.

Results The incidence rate of falls was 492 per 1000 person years (95% CI 448-536). Risk factors for falls identified in the multivariate analysis were falls in the previous year (OR 4.67), high disability level (OR 2.04) and high house risk level (OR 1.68).

Conclusions The high incidence of falls among the elderly reported in this study and the preventable risk factors identify / indicate the necessity and feasibility of their prevention.

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.4038/cmj.v58i3.5080

Ceylon Medical Journal 2013; 58: 100-106

DOI: https://doi.org/10.4038/cmj.v58i3.5080
How to Cite: Ranaweera, A., Fonseka, P., PattiyaArachchi, A. and Siribaddana, S., 2013. Incidence and risk factors of falls among the elderly in the district of Colombo. Ceylon Medical Journal, 58(3), pp.100–106. DOI: http://doi.org/10.4038/cmj.v58i3.5080
Published on 27 Sep 2013.
Peer Reviewed

Downloads

  • PDF (EN)

    comments powered by Disqus