Start Submission Become a Reviewer

Reading: Goniometric alignment of the normal knee joint and the factors which affect it

Download

A- A+
Alt. Display

Papers

Goniometric alignment of the normal knee joint and the factors which affect it

Authors:

HA Amaratunga ,

Department of Anatomy Faculty of Medicine University of Peradeniya, LK
X close

SB Adikari,

Department of Anatomy Faculty of Medicine University of Peradeniya, LK
X close

TL Dassanayake,

Department of Physiology Faculty of Medicine University of Peradeniya, LK
X close

M Chandrasekara,

Department of Anatomy Faculty of Medicine University of Peradeniya, LK
X close

HJ Suraweera

Orthopedic Unit Teaching Hospital Peradeniya, LK
X close

Abstract

Objectives Establishing a normative database for anterior plane knee joint alignment in a population is helpful in assessing patients with disorders of the knee joint specially osteoarthritis. Therefore we aimed at establishing the normal alignment in the Sri Lankan adult population using the goniometer which is an inexpensive and simple method of measurement.

Methods A total of 420 healthy adult volunteers (210 men and 210 women) above 25 years of age were recruited and the anterior plane knee alignment was measured using a hand held metal goniometer.

Results The mean knee joint alignment was 180.56° (SD 2.39) and 183.04° (SD 2.34) in males. The knee joints of the females were varus-oriented by, 2.48° than those of males (p< 0.0001). In the females the knee joint alignment showed a gradually varus inclination with increasing age (p< 0.05). Lifting heavy weights in males caused a significant varus inclination of the knee joint while BMI and squatting for long periods did not have an effect on the normal alignment.

Conclusions Female knees are more varus inclined than that of males in the Sri Lankan participants and this inclination increases with age. Reasons for this could be genetic and lifestyle differences and may partly explain the reason for the predominance of varus osteoarthritis in Sri Lankan females.

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.4038/cmj.v59i2.6185

Ceylon Medical Journal 2014; 59: 45-48

DOI: https://doi.org/10.4038/cmj.v59i2.6185
How to Cite: Amaratunga, H., Adikari, S., Dassanayake, T., Chandrasekara, M. and Suraweera, H., 2014. Goniometric alignment of the normal knee joint and the factors which affect it. Ceylon Medical Journal, 59(2), pp.45–48. DOI: http://doi.org/10.4038/cmj.v59i2.6185
Published on 26 Jun 2014.
Peer Reviewed

Downloads

  • PDF (EN)

    comments powered by Disqus