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Reading: Epidemiology of goitre in Sri Lanka in the post-iodization era

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Epidemiology of goitre in Sri Lanka in the post-iodization era

Authors:

R. Fernando ,

University of Kelaniya, LK
About R.
Department of Surgery
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A. Pathmeswaran,

University of Kelaniya, LK
About A.
Department of Public Health
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M.D.P. Pinto

District General Hospital, Chilaw, LK
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Abstract

Introduction Previous studies of goitre in Sri Lanka proposed the presence of a goitre belt, which was refuted subsequently. Epidemiology of goitre in the post iodization era needs re-evaluation.

Objectives To describe the epidemiology of goitre in Sri Lanka.

Methods A descriptive cross-sectional study was conducted in designated zones except in conflict areas in 2006/2007. An interviewer administered questionnaire was used and patients were evaluated clinically, biochemically and cytologically.

Results Among 5200 participants 426 had goitre. Mean age was 36.3 (SD 17.3) years. Goitre was commonest in the age group 40-49 years with a female pre-ponderance. The prevalence was similar in all zones with pockets of high prevalence in each zone. Overall island wide adjusted prevalence was 6.8% (95% CI = 6.0-7.6).

Conclusions There was no identifiable goitre belt. There were pockets of high prevalence in all zones. Goitre remains a public health issue despite universal iodization.

Ceylon Medical Journal 2015; 60: 41-4

DOI: https://doi.org/10.4038/cmj.v60i2.8150
How to Cite: Fernando, R., Pathmeswaran, A. and Pinto, M.D.P., 2015. Epidemiology of goitre in Sri Lanka in the post-iodization era. Ceylon Medical Journal, 60(2), pp.41–44. DOI: http://doi.org/10.4038/cmj.v60i2.8150
Published on 14 Jun 2015.
Peer Reviewed

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