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The prevalence of upper respiratory symptoms in a cohort of adults presenting with symptoms of gastro-oesophageal reflux disease

Authors:

D L Amarasiri ,

Department of Physiology, Faculty of Medicine, University of Kelaniya, LK
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A Pathmeswaran,

Department of Public Health, Faculty of Medicine, University of Kelaniya, LK
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A S Dassanayake,

Department of Pharmacology, Faculty of Medicine, University of Kelaniya, LK
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A P de Silva,

Department of Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, University of Kelaniya, LK
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M D B Adikari,

Department of Physiology, Faculty of Medicine, University of Kelaniya, LK
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P A B Sanjeewa,

Department of Physiology, Faculty of Medicine, University of Kelaniya, LK
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A Jayaratne,

Department of Physiology, Faculty of Medicine, University of Kelaniya, LK
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H J De Silva

Department of Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, University of Kelaniya, LK
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Abstract

Introduction Gastro-oesophageal reflux disease (GORD) is the pathological reflux of gastric contents into the oesophagus. The oesophagus and the upper respiratory tract have a common origin from the foregut. There is increasing evidence for multiple associations of GORD with the upper respiratory tract.

Objectives To study the presence of and association of upper respiratory symptoms (URS) with GORD.

Methods Seventy adults scoring ≥12.5 on a previously validated GORD symptom score (GORD patients) and 70 healthy controls who had infrequent GORD symptoms or no upper gastro-intestinal complaints completed a pre-tested URS questionnaire on the frequency of 14 URS in 5 categories (laryngeal, nasal, pharyngeal, sinusal and aural). All GORD patients underwent upper gastro-intestinal endoscopy. The calculated URS score was correlated against the GORD symptom score and endoscopy findings.

Results URS scores and individual symptom scores were higher in GORD patients compared to controls (mean ± SE, 4.7 ± 4.0; 1.9 ± 2.3). Individuals with higher GORD symptom scores reported more frequent URS. Pharyngeal symptoms had the highest correlation with the GORD symptom score (r=0.507, p<0.001). The presence of oeso-phagitis did not seem to influence the frequency of reporting URS.

Conclusion Upper respiratory symptoms are common in individuals with GORD symptoms though there appears to be no association with oesophageal mucosal damage.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.4038/cmj.v61i2.8301
How to Cite: Amarasiri, D.L., Pathmeswaran, A., Dassanayake, A.S., de Silva, A.P., Adikari, M.D.B., Sanjeewa, P.A.B., Jayaratne, A. and De Silva, H.J., 2016. The prevalence of upper respiratory symptoms in a cohort of adults presenting with symptoms of gastro-oesophageal reflux disease. Ceylon Medical Journal, 61(2), pp.63–67. DOI: http://doi.org/10.4038/cmj.v61i2.8301
Published on 23 Jun 2016.
Peer Reviewed

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