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Out-of-pocket expenditure in accessing healthcare services among Chronic Kidney Disease patients in Anuradhapura District

Authors:

S J Senanayake ,

Family Health Bureau, LK
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N S Gunawardena,

Faculty of Medicine, University of Colombo, LK
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P Palihawadana,

Epidemiology Unit, Ministry of Health, LK
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S Bandara,

Institute of Policy Studies, Colombo, LK
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P Bandara,

North Central Provincial Directors Office, Anuradhapura, LK
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A U Ranasinghe,

North Central Provincial Directors Office, Anuradhapura, LK
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R H Karunarathna,

North Central Provincial Directors Office, Anuradhapura, LK
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G P Kumara

North Central Provincial Directors Office, Anuradhapura, LK
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Abstract

Introduction Chronic Kidney Disease (CKD) has significant economic impact on both patients’ households and the country.   

 

Objectives To assess the out-of-pocket (OOP) expenditure of accessing health services among CKD patients in Anuradhapura District.

 

Methods This community based cross-sectional study included a representative sample of 1174 registered CKD patients from all 19 Medical Officer of Health areas in the district of Anuradhapura.  Trained para-medical staff visited the households and administered an interviewer administered questionnaire to gather information.

 

Results A total of 1118 CKD patients participated. Mean age was 58.3 (SD 10.8) years. Fifty nine (5.3%) patients had been hospitalized during the six months preceding data collection.  The total OOP for a hospital admission for one patient was Rs.3625 (IQR 1650-8760). Thirty eight (3.4%) patients were on dialysis.  The median direct cost per patient for an episode of dialysis was Rs.595 (IQR 415-995) while the median direct cost for a dialysis patient per month was Rs.5490 (IQR 3950-10934). In the study population a total of 1095 (98.0%) had attended clinic at least once during the six months preceding the study.  The OOP expenditure for a single clinic visit for one patient was Rs.434 (IQR 200-860). 

 

Conclusions CKD patients living in Anuradhapura district spend significant amounts on accessing health care which can worsen their economic hardships. Planned interventions are warranted in order to improve their quality of life and financial situation.    

How to Cite: Senanayake, S.J. et al., (2017). Out-of-pocket expenditure in accessing healthcare services among Chronic Kidney Disease patients in Anuradhapura District. Ceylon Medical Journal. 62(2), pp.100–103. DOI: http://doi.org/10.4038/cmj.v62i2.8475
Published on 13 Jun 2017.
Peer Reviewed

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