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Original article

Pattern of physical activity and associated sociodemographic factors: A community based study using Global Physical Activity questionnaire

Authors:

R. Kumari ,

AIIMS, Rishikesh, IN
About R.

Associate Professor, Department of Community and Family Medicine

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D. Bansal,

AIIMS, Rishikesh, IN
About D.
Department of Community and Family Medicine
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Bhola Nath

Government Doon Medical College, Dehradun
About Bhola

Professor, Department of Community Medicine

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Abstract

Introduction

Non-communicable diseases (NCDs) account for nearly half of the overall global burden of disease. Physical inactivity has been reported to be a major independent “modifiable” risk factor for NCDs. Assessment of pattern of physical activity and associated factors would help in informing the participants and policy makers for appropriate interventions.


Methodology

A community based cross sectional study in Doiwala block of Dehradun district, in a state of north India, was conducted among early middle-aged adults i.e., 30-50 years of age. Based on the prevalence of 26.1% recommended physical activity, the sample size was calculated to be 296. Standard Global Physical activity questionnaire (GPAQ) was used to assess physical activity pattern.


Results

Mean age of the respondents was 39 years. The proportion of people engaged in vigorous activities, at work or for recreation was only 8.5%. Moderate activity at work (16.7% vs 9.5%) and walking/ bicycling while travel to and from places (63.9% vs 38.5%) was more common in rural areas as compared to urban areas. Moderate activity for recreation was however more common in urban areas (31.8% vs 14.6%). Sedentary habits of women in urban areas were unhealthier as compared to women in rural areas as well as men in urban areas.


Conclusion & Recommendations

Integration of physical activity at work of people engaged in skilled and professional jobs by instituting minor modifications in the working environment is recommended.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.4038/cmj.v63i4.8774
How to Cite: Kumari, R., Bansal, D. and Nath, B., 2018. Pattern of physical activity and associated sociodemographic factors: A community based study using Global Physical Activity questionnaire. Ceylon Medical Journal, 63(4), pp.159–168. DOI: http://doi.org/10.4038/cmj.v63i4.8774
Published on 31 Dec 2018.
Peer Reviewed

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