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Seroprevalence and associated risk factors of human Brucella infection in selected provinces in Sri Lanka

Authors:

L. Karunanayake ,

Medical Research Institute, Colombo, LK
About L.
Department of Bacteriology
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P. Karunanayake,

University of Colombo, LK
About P.
Department of Clinical Medicine, Faculty of Medicine
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C. S. Rathnayaka,

Medical Research Institute, Colombo, LK
About C. S.
Department of Bacteriology
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U. Senarath,

University of Colombo, LK
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Department of Community Medicine, Faculty of Medicine
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J. M. Ranbanda,

Medical Research Institute, Colombo, LK
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M. Kothalawala

Base Hospital, Polonnaruwa, LK
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Abstract

Brucellosis is a systemic zoonotic bacterial infection. We studied the seroprevalence and risk factors for human Brucella infection in 1,294 healthy people from 4 provinces: Central, North-Western, North-Central and Western Provinces. Farmers in contact with farm-animals, veterinary staff, abattoir workers, and non-contact urban-dwellers were tested against B. abortus and B. melitensis antigens by SAT. Seroprevalence was 8.4% of the study population. Farm-animal owners and working full-time with livestock have a significantly higher risk of acquiring Brucella infection. Enhanced laboratory support and surveillance is necessary to control brucellosis in Sri Lanka. This is the first report on human Brucella infection.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.4038/cmj.v64i1.8824
How to Cite: Karunanayake, L., Karunanayake, P., Rathnayaka, C.S., Senarath, U., Ranbanda, J.M. and Kothalawala, M., 2019. Seroprevalence and associated risk factors of human Brucella infection in selected provinces in Sri Lanka. Ceylon Medical Journal, 64(1), pp.25–29. DOI: http://doi.org/10.4038/cmj.v64i1.8824
Published on 31 Mar 2019.
Peer Reviewed

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