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Original article

Awareness and care seeking pattern for symptoms associated with endometrial carcinoma among postmenopausal women in the district of Colombo: a cross-sectional study

Authors:

Withanage Iresha Udayangani Jayawickrama ,

Ministry of Health, LK
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Chrishantha Abeysena

Faculty of Medicine, Ragama, LK
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Abstract

Introduction: Variations in endometrial carcinoma awareness among postmenopausal women may explain the variations in care seeking pattern for symptoms associated with endometrial carcinoma.

 

Objectives: To describe the awareness and care seeking pattern for symptoms associated with endometrial carcinoma among postmenopausal women in the district of Colombo.

 

Methods: A community based descriptive cross sectional study was conducted among 1168 postmenopausal women in the district of Colombo, using multistage cluster sampling technique. A pre-tested interviewer administered questionnaire was used. Descriptive statistics were used to describe the awareness and care seeking pattern.

 

Results: Of the sample, 83.6% (95% CI: 81.5-85.7, n=977) had heard about endometrial carcinoma. About 56% of women (n=654) were aware  that postmenopausal bleeding was a suggestive symptom of endometrial carcinoma. Only 24.0% (n=280) knew that never conceived was a risk factor, 20.6% and 20.9% knew that physical inactivity and obesity were risk factors respectively and 28.0% knew that hormone replacement therapy was a risk factor, for endometrial carcinoma. Of the women, 26.6% (n=311) had experienced some gynaecological symptoms similar to symptoms of endometrial carcinoma during their postmenopausal period. Majority of them had disclosed to the children (n= 155, 49.8%) about the symptoms, 70.7% (n=220) had sought treatment, and the most common reason for seeking treatment  was physical discomfort (n=83, 37.8%). A majority had gone to the government hospital (n=75, 34%) to get treatment.

 

Conclusions: Low awareness of common symptoms, risk
DOI: https://doi.org/10.4038/cmj.v64i4.8993
How to Cite: Udayangani Jayawickrama, W.I. and Abeysena, C., 2019. Awareness and care seeking pattern for symptoms associated with endometrial carcinoma among postmenopausal women in the district of Colombo: a cross-sectional study. Ceylon Medical Journal, 64(4), pp.133–139. DOI: http://doi.org/10.4038/cmj.v64i4.8993
Published on 31 Dec 2019.
Peer Reviewed

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