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Sleep quality assessment among college students using Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index in a municipal corporation area of Uttarakhand, India.

Authors:

Ranjeeta Kumari ,

AIIMS Rishikesh, Uttarakhand, IN
About Ranjeeta
Department of Community and Family Medicine
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Kapil Jain,

PGIMER Chandigarh, IN
About Kapil
Department of Pediatrics,
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Bhola Nath

AIIMS Bathinda, Punjab,, IN
About Bhola
Department of Community and Family Medicine
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Abstract

Introduction: Poor sleep quality have been reported among adults in most countries and are increasingly been reported in their predecessors, the college students. The present study aimed to assess sleep patterns and determine its association with various correlates amongst college students for effective and timely interventions in the habit-forming years of the life.


Methodology: This was a cross sectional study done among college students enrolled in different courses, in Rishikesh municipal corporation area, in Dehradun district of Uttarakhand, India. Sleep Quality was assessed using a validated Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI), which has seven components while Perceived Stress Scale-10 assessed Stress.


Results: Poor sleep quality was reported among 66% of respondents. Mean sleep latency among respondents was 27.2 minutes (SD 20.75 min), with a median and mode of 20 minutes and 60 minutes respectively.On logistic regression analysis, yoga/ meditation, which have been recognized as effective relaxation techniques since ages, were found to have a positive association with better sleep quality (OR 0.47, 95% CI (0.26 – 0.84). Stress (OR 4.10, 95% CI 1.71- 9.83) and mobile use before bedtime (OR 1.956, 95% CI: 1.02- 3.75) were also significant predictors of poor sleep quality.


Conclusions and recommendations: The prevalence of poor sleep quality was quite high. Relaxation techniques such as yoga/ meditation and stress relieving workshops may pay rich dividends. Use of electronic devices before bedtime need to be restricted for better sleep quality.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.4038/cmj.v65i4.9279
How to Cite: Kumari, R., Jain, K. and Nath, B., 2020. Sleep quality assessment among college students using Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index in a municipal corporation area of Uttarakhand, India.. Ceylon Medical Journal, 65(4), pp.86–94. DOI: http://doi.org/10.4038/cmj.v65i4.9279
Published on 31 Dec 2020.
Peer Reviewed

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